Phanom Rung Historical Park protects the most extensive and best kept Khmer temple ruins in Thailand. Based on top of an ancient inactive volcano, Phanom Rung was built in a classic Angkor style between the 10th and 13th centuries and was dedicated to the Hindu god, Shiva.
This impressive site has been reformed to its former glory after 17 years of restoration. A 400-meter walkway leads up to the site’s main sanctuary, leading past various temples, towers, and other ruins along the way. Many of these ruins feature images of Hindu gods and scenes from the Ramayana upon them. Later in the site’s history, Phanom Rung was changed into a religious site for Buddhists, which is why there are many Buddhist deities and carvings throughout the complex too.
Phanom Rung was constructed so that it faces east, and four times a year the sun shines spectacularly through its 15 temple doorways (early in March, April, September, and October). Observing this spectacle is believed to bring about great blessings, and the park extends its hours when the solar alignment occurs, with people come from all over Thailand to participate in ancient Brahmin ceremonies. The Phanom Rung Festival is held to celebrate the solar alignment in April.
To reach Phanom Rung Historical Park, catch a bus from Buriram city to Ban TaKo and take a songthaew from there.